On April 21 EU special representative to Moldova, Kalman Mizsei met with Russian officials in Moscow about Moldova's breakaway region of Transdniester, amid speculation that Moldova is set to reach a controversial settlement with the Tiraspol regime.
The Moldovan news agency Basa, citing the Russian Foreign Ministry, said Mizsei discussed the possibility of a resumption of talks in the 5+2 format, under which EU and U.S. observers were allowed to attend five-party talks between officials from Moldova, Transdniester, and mediators from Russia, Ukraine, and the OSCE.
Mizsei arrived in Moscow after earlier talks on Transdniester with Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Grigory Karasin and officials in Ukraine. The fresh flurry of diplomatic activity follows a report by the Jamestown Foundation on April 13 that Moldova's government is preparing to sign a document that will recognize Transdniester, guarantee the coexistence of a separate administration, dissolve the Moldovan parliament and hold new elections with seats for representatives from Transdniester, guarantee Transdniester the position of deputy in each ministry, guarantee Moldova's permanent neutrality, and "tacitly" accept the continuing existence of Tiraspol's army and Russia’s troops in Transdniester.
Russia has failed to keep the promise made in 1999 at the Istanbul OSCE summit to withdraw its troops from Transdniester.